1.1. Optimization of shore power facilities.
This task will define the location, safety, and size of shore power facilities. Available power at berth and needed supply to ship assessed. This mapping will, for instance, clarify how fast the ship needs to be charged. The affiliated partner Stena Line will contribute with input. Ship to shore integration ensured.
1.2. Battery capacity and characteristics.
This sub-activity will focus on the dimensioning and design of battery storage, including key functions and size. Whereas NMC is less spacious and better from a capacity (power) perspective, LFP batteries are cheaper. We are likely to focus on NMC batteries in this action, but will keep an open mind.
1.3. Battery second life characteristics.
This task will investigate how 2nd life batteries could be used alongside new batteries in an ESS. Additionally, entail looking at to what extent a battery used for a different application (e.g., in a truck or car) could be reused for a stationary application.
1.4. Safety and security of ESS in port areas.
This task will evaluate and assess the safety and security of ESS in port areas. It will contribute to increased knowledge on ESS safety and handling of such systems. Assess safety standards and certification of complete storage systems, and a risk assessment of the ESS. Due to the foreseen essential role of the ESS, the importance of its cyberphysical system security will also be assessed. This sub-activity will also address climate resilience.